1 Mogućnosti / Possibilities
2 Saveti / Advice
Svi modali / All modals
Diskusije / Discussions

2 – Namera / Intention

🇷🇸 Namera

🇬🇧 Intention

When we talk about our willingness or intention of doing something, we can use three verbs: želeti, (to wish or to want), hteti (to will or to want), planirati (to plan or to intend). These verbs can also be used with an object (a noun in accusative) or with the construction da+present tense.

Želeti and hteti are often used as synonyms, meaning to want. If we use them with another verb, they are double conjugated and they both mean I want to do something. But there is a slight difference. Želeti is somewhat weaker, because it also means I wish to do something, while hteti is very direct and it means to want. So, želeti is more polite and hteti can even be rude.

Planirati can also be used with an object, Ana planira ovu knjigu. But in this case, Ana is a writer and she’s planing the book she’s about to write.  If we complete the verb with da+present, Ana planira da čita ovu knjigu, then it means that she intends to read the book.

 

Willingness, intention

 

object (noun in accusative)

 

da + present tense verb

 

želeti (to wish, want) Ana želi ovu knjigu. Ana želi da čita ovu knjigu.
hteti (to will, want) Ana hoće ovu knjigu. Ana hoće da čita ovu knjigu.
planirati (to plan, intend) Ana planira ovu knjigu. Ana planira da čita ovu knjigu.

 

Želeti and planirati are also two regular verbs: želeti belongs to the I verbs, planirati belongs to the A group. Hteti belongs to the E group, but it’s an irregular verb.

 

želeti
-i-

 

želim
želiš
želi
želimo
želite
žele

planirati
-a-

 

planiram
planiraš
planira
planiramo
planirate
planiraju

  hteti
-e- iregularan

 

ja hoću
ti hoćeš
on hoće
mi hoćemo
vi hoćete
oni hoće

ne hteti
ne + hoću

 

neću
nećeš
neće
nećemo
nećete
neće

 

Hteti means to want or to will. It’s one of the only two verbs that end in -U for the first person singular in the present tense. It’s irregular in the first person singular and in the third person plural: ja hoću, oni hoće. All the other persons are regular. One curiosity: the third person plural is the same as the third person singular: on hoće, oni hoće.

This verb also has an irregular negation, similarly to the verb to be: ja sam, ja nisam. Both verbs merge with the NE when negated, and hteti loses HO: ne+hoću → neću.

These are all very important verbs when we want to talk about our preferences or plans. Hteti is particularly important because we use it to form the future tense.

Login