1 Introduction
3 Numbers
4 Conversations

1 GRAMMAR: Personal Pronouns

🇷🇸 Lične zamenice

🇬🇧 Personal pronouns

The system of personal pronouns in the Serbian language is rich and you might need to add new categories to the way you think about the pronouns in your language.

jednina singular

ja       I
ti       you

on     he
ona   she
ono   it

množina  plural

mi     we
vi       you all
Vi       you formal
oni    they m.
one   they f.
ona   they n.

If you’re a Spanish speaker, it’s safe to rely on your knowledge of the Castilian Spanish pronouns, since the pronoun system is quite different in many Spanish dialects.

jednina  singular

Srpski English Castilian Spanish
ja  I yo
ti  you tu
on  he el
ona  she ella
ono  it ello, lo 

množina singular

Srpski English Castilian Spanish
mi  we nosotros
vi  you all vosotros
Vi you sir Usted
oni  they m. ellos
one  they f. ellas
ona  they n.

Pay attention: the word for she, ona, looks exactly like word for they neutral: ona. We always rely on the context to tell us which „ona“ is mentioned: If it’s about she, the verb will be in singular, and if it’s about them, it’ll be in plural from.

Pažnja (attention)! When talking about them in plural, masculine is the general gender, like in many languages. So oni is used for two or more men (they masculine), but also for a man and a woman, or a group of men and women.


Other forms of the personal pronouns

The pronouns are declined, like in many languages, and they have other forms. Compare for example how I becomes me, or how the Spanish yo becomes me and mi.

Other forms of ja appearing in this course: meni, mi, me

Other forms of ti used in this course: tebe, te

Another form of vi mentioned: vas


For now, just try to remember that ja, ti, vi, mi are subject pronouns, and that me, te, vas, nas are object pronouns. You will deal with that part of the grammar later.


We have also used some words similar to the personal pronouns (moj, tvoj, vaš). These are different type of words called the possessive pronouns, that we use to talk about belonging:

moj means my or mine

tvoj means your or yours

vaš means your or yours in plural, when something belongs to more than one person, and we use it when speaking formally to one person.